Central African Republic

Central African Republic: Heart of Africa’s Wilderness

Nestled in the heart of Africa, the Central African Republic (CAR) is a landlocked country blessed with stunning natural beauty, diverse wildlife, and a rich cultural heritage. Despite its challenges, CAR offers visitors a glimpse into the untouched wilderness of the continent, with vast rainforests, winding rivers, and sprawling savannas.


CAR is located in Central Africa, bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south, the Republic of the Congo to the southwest, and Cameroon to the west. The country’s landscape is characterized by dense rainforests in the south, savannas and grasslands in the center, and plateaus and mountains in the north.

Culture and People:

CAR is home to a rich tapestry of ethnic groups, including the Bayaka, Banda, and Sara. Each group has its own languages, traditions, and cultural practices, contributing to the country’s cultural diversity. Traditional music, dance, and storytelling are integral parts of Central African culture, with ceremonies and rituals playing important roles in community life.


The history of CAR is marked by the legacy of powerful kingdoms and empires, including the Kanem-Bornu Empire and the Sultanate of Bagirmi. European colonial powers, including France and Belgium, exerted influence over the region in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, before CAR gained independence in 1960. Since then, the country has experienced periods of political instability, conflict, and humanitarian crises.


CAR’s economy is primarily agrarian, with agriculture employing the majority of the population and contributing to the country’s GDP. Subsistence farming is widespread, with crops such as cassava, millet, and maize being staple foods. The country also has rich mineral resources, including gold, diamonds, and uranium, although exploitation and smuggling pose challenges to the economy.

Wildlife and Conservation:

CAR is home to a diverse array of wildlife, including elephants, gorillas, chimpanzees, and numerous bird species. National parks and protected areas, such as Dzanga-Sangha Special Reserve and Manovo-Gounda St. Floris National Park, provide important habitats for these animals and opportunities for eco-tourism. However, poaching, habitat loss, and armed conflict threaten CAR’s biodiversity.


Despite its challenges, CAR offers adventurous travelers the opportunity to explore some of Africa’s most remote and pristine wilderness areas. Visitors can embark on safaris to observe elephants and other wildlife in their natural habitats, trek through dense rainforests to encounter indigenous communities, or explore ancient rock art sites and archaeological ruins.


Central African Republic’s untamed wilderness, rich cultural heritage, and warm hospitality make it a truly unique destination for intrepid travelers. While the country faces numerous challenges, its natural beauty and cultural richness offer a glimpse into the soul of Africa, inviting visitors to discover the wonders of the continent’s heartland.

About Central African Republic

Central African Republic is a republic in central Africa , just north of the equator . The country borders on Chad in the north, Sudan and South Sudan in the northeast, Congo-Kinshasa and Congo-Brazzaville in the south and in Cameroon in the west. The country has an area of ​​about 623,000 km² and has approximately 4.6 million inhabitants (2012). The capital is Banguiwith 568 500 inhabitants (2010). Central African Republic lacks coast .

The country consists mostly of a hilly plateau country, with several rivers flooded during the rainy season. The climate is a tropical rainforest and savannah climate . It is one of Africa’s least developed countries, and in 1995 had a GDP per capita of US $ 340. Large parts of the population are employed in agriculture , which is mainly self-catering agriculture .

The country was a French colony named Oubangui-Chari until 1958, and became an independent republic in 1960. Colonel Jean-Bédel Bokassa took power in 1966 and proclaimed himself emperor of the Central African Empire in 1976. It became republic in 1979 when Bokassa was overthrown. The opposition to the one-party system led to free elections held in 1993, and Ange-Félix Patassé was elected president.

During the 1990s, parts of the armed forces repeatedly rebelled, and a pan-African peace force was set in 1997 to monitor the ceasefire. However, the situation has remained unsettled and explosive, with a number of rebel groups conflicting with each other about the country’s rich natural resources. Many live on the starvation limit and the situation has been described (2019) as the second largest ongoing humanitarian disaster in the world after that in Somalia .


The Central African Republic is a landlocked state in the border zone between savanna and rainforest with a tropical climate. The country consists mostly of a savannah-covered high plateau, a bedrock threshold of 600–900 meters above sea level, between the Congo and Chad rivers.

This plateau forms the watershed between three of Africa’s largest water systems: the Congo River, Lake Chad, and the Nile. The country is drained to the north by the Chari River with its tributaries, and to the south by the border river Oubangui, which is a tributary of the Congo River and an important communication route to Brazzaville.

The high plateau is surrounded by elevations, including the Bongo massif in the northeast, which reaches 1,400 meters above sea level. In the east there is steppe, in the south rainforest on the border river Oubangui. The soil consists mostly of red clay soil and laterite.

The lowest point is the Oubangui River, 335 meters above sea level, and the highest Mont Ngaoui on the border with Cameroon, 1,420 meters above sea level.