Equatorial Guinea

Discovering Equatorial Guinea: A Jewel of Cultural Diversity and Natural Beauty


Nestled on the west coast of Central Africa, Equatorial Guinea is a hidden gem waiting to be explored. Despite its small size, this diverse country boasts a rich tapestry of cultures, stunning biodiversity, and a fascinating history. From its lush rainforests to its pristine beaches, Equatorial Guinea offers a unique blend of experiences for adventurous travelers.


Equatorial Guinea is comprised of a mainland region, bordered by Cameroon to the north and Gabon to the south and east, and an archipelago of islands in the Gulf of Guinea. The mainland is characterized by dense tropical rainforests, home to a wealth of wildlife including gorillas, chimpanzees, and forest elephants. The islands, including Bioko and Annobón, offer picturesque landscapes, volcanic peaks, and idyllic beaches, attracting visitors seeking both relaxation and adventure.

History and Culture:

The history of Equatorial Guinea is as diverse as its geography, with influences from indigenous Bantu peoples, Spanish colonialism, and cultural exchanges with neighboring countries. The country gained independence from Spain in 1968, and its colonial legacy is still evident in the Spanish language spoken by much of the population and in the architecture of its cities. Equatorial Guinea is home to several ethnic groups, including the Fang, Bubi, and Combe, each with their own unique traditions, languages, and customs. Traditional music, dance, and festivals, such as the Fang-inspired Ekpe and the Bubi sacred rituals, offer a glimpse into the country’s rich cultural heritage.

Economy and Development:

Despite its abundant natural resources, including oil reserves and fertile agricultural land, Equatorial Guinea faces challenges related to economic diversification and sustainable development. The discovery of oil in the 1990s transformed the country’s economy, but its benefits have not always been equitably distributed, leading to disparities in wealth and development. Efforts are underway to promote diversification beyond the oil sector, including investments in agriculture, tourism, and infrastructure, aimed at fostering long-term growth and improving the livelihoods of its citizens.


Equatorial Guinea’s natural beauty and cultural heritage make it a promising destination for ecotourism and adventure travel. Visitors can explore the lush rainforests of Monte Alén National Park, home to diverse flora and fauna, including endangered primates and rare bird species. The beaches of Bioko Island offer opportunities for swimming, snorkeling, and diving in crystal-clear waters teeming with marine life. Cultural tours provide insight into the country’s diverse ethnic traditions, while culinary experiences allow travelers to savor the flavors of Equatorial Guinean cuisine, influenced by African, Spanish, and indigenous ingredients.


Equatorial Guinea may be small in size, but it offers a wealth of experiences for intrepid travelers seeking adventure, cultural immersion, and natural beauty. With its vibrant cultural heritage, breathtaking landscapes, and warm hospitality, Equatorial Guinea invites visitors to uncover its hidden treasures and embark on a journey of discovery in the heart of Africa.

About Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea , formally the Republic of Equatorial Guinea , is one of the smallest states in Africa . The country lies partly on the mainland and partly on five inhabited islands. Equatorial Guinea is bordered by Cameroon and Gabon as well as the Bay of Biafras in the Atlantic . Historic names of the country have been Rio Muni and Spanish Guinea (1926-1968).

The largest island, Bioko , was long Portuguese , and it was known for hundreds of years under the name of Fernando Pó and as a hub for trafficking in enslaved people. The Spaniards took over power in 1778. In 1827, Fernando Pó was taken over by the British , who used the island as a base for stopping slave trade in the Benin Gulf ; However, the island became Spanish again in the middle of the 19th century.

After the emancipation from Spain in 1968, Equatorial Guinea fell into the hands of Francisco Macías Nguema . He was a member of mongomoklanen the Bantu Fang , and during 11 years he carried a bloody dictatorship until he was overthrown and executed. His successor, nephew Teodoro Obiang Nguema , continued to rule in the same style. Observers described the election in 1996 and 2002 as a political father. Freedom House ranked 2009 the political rights in Equatorial Guinea as “7” (where 1 represents the most free and seven least free), civil liberties as “7” and gave it the freedom notion “Not Free”.

The country’s largest export products are wood, cocoa and coffee . Over the years immediately before independence, the cocoa plantation at Bioko and the mainland contributed to Equatorial Guinea having the highest income per GDP (PPP) per capita in Western Africa. However, at the end of the Maci regime, the country was in political and economic ruin, and about 100,000 residents had fled to neighboring countries. Most people who have stayed in the country today are self-supporting farmers who grow jams , cassava and bananas .

In 2011, the Equatorial Guinea government announced that it plans to build a new capital called Oyala . Equatorial Guinea arranged the African Football Championship 2012 with Gabon .